Keeping your pet away from Poisons and Toxins
For new pet owners, and ones that aren’t so new, it’s imperative that we have our homes as safe as can be for our little four-legged, and two legged loved ones. Items, some of which can be unthinkable, can actually be harmful. From potpourri, to certain medication, to batteries, we’ve got you covered.
I’m sure at some point we’ve all heard of chocolate toxicity pertaining to our animals. According to petMD, side effects of consumption for pooches and kitties are:
Vomiting, Diarrhea, increased body temperature, increased reflex symptoms, muscle rigidity, rapid breathing, increased heart rate, muscle rigidity, low blood pressure, and seizures. More severe effects include: cardiac failure, weakness, and coma.
The PetPoision Helpline had some useful information on specific foods that can be detrimental, and even fatal to animals; though some may not have a direct reason as to why, they were determined to be harmful:
Apricots -contain Cyanide; poisonous to cats and dogs
Avocados- poisonous to cats, birds, cows, and birds
Bread Dough–can lead to a twisted stomach if the bread isn’t baked correctly; poisonous to cats and dogs.
Caffeine- because of the Theobromin (similar effects of chocolate when consumed in moderate amount); poisonous to cats and dogs
Cherries and Shrubs –contain Cyanide; poisonous to cats and dogs
Grapes, raisins, and currents- can cause kidney failure; poisonous to dogs
Onions and Garlic-can cause gastroenteritis, anemia, and damage to red blood cells; poisonous to cats and dogs
Hops (a plant used for brewing beer)-possibly because of the seeds and oil; poisonous to cats and dogs
Macadamia Nuts-poisonous to dogs
Moldy Food (including moldy pasta, bread, and nuts) – contain tremorgenic mycotoxins; poisonous to cats and dogs
Certain Mushrooms-based on the type ; poisonous to cats and dogs
Peach Pits- poisonous for cats
Potatoes-poisonous for cats
Salt –due to the sodium phosphate; poisonous in cats, dogs, cows, and birds
Star Fruit & Shamrocks -due to oxalic acid and oxalate salts; poisonous to cats and dogs
Gum-due to the Xylitol; poisonous to dogs
Aside from food, be aware of household items that may be lying around the house. Vetstreet, The Humane Society and PetMD list not only obvious items to keep locked, but some objects we may not be aware of.
Fertilizer, de-icing items, anti-freeze, mulch, snail and slug bait, and herbicides are always a no go, The Humane Society recommends that owners purchase an anti-freeze with propylene glycol, as it is safe for animals . The ethylene glycol which is in several brands, can be very harmful.
Mothballs-due to the slow release of pesticides
Fumes from ovens and non-stick pots- deadly to birds due to the polytetrafluoroethylene. When ignited, it can cause severe damage and rupture to birdies lungs.
Medications such as Acetemetaphin (ingredient in Tylenol) and Ibuprofen can cause liver damage and anemia in cats.
Batteries-toxic dogs; can cause severe ulceration because of the alkaline material.
If you question anything that your pet may have consumed or ingested, don’t hesitate to call your vet and/or the Pet
Poison Hotline at 800-213-6680.
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